In a nutshell, what is the Digital Nomad Visa Spain?
- It is a visa that was approved on 23rd December 2022
- It is for non-EU nationals who wish to work remotely from Spain.
- You can apply for this type of visa if you work for a company based outside of Spain
- The visa allows for your spouse or partner and children under 18 to reside in Spain with you
- The visa entitles you to a reduced non-resident tax rate: ie. 24% up to 600,000 euros. 600,000.01 euros upwards, the tax rate will be 47%.
- The initial visa allows 1 year of residency and work in Spain if you apply in your home country or 3 years of residency and work in Spain if you apply once legally in Spain.
Documents to Submit When Applying for a Spain Digital Nomad Visa
When applying for a visa, you must submit a photocopy of all the original documents that you want to be returned to you at the end of the procedure.
- National visa form completed, dated and signed.
- A recent, passport-size, a colour photograph, taken against a light background, facing forward, without dark or reflective glasses, or any garments concealing the oval of the face.
- Valid passport or travel document, recognised as valid in Spain. It must have a minimum validity of one year and at least two blank pages. Photocopy of all passport pages.
- Certificate of criminal record (only in the case of persons over 18 years of age, criminal age in Spain), original and a copy of the criminal record certificate(s) issued by his/her country or countries of residence for the past 2 years. Additionally, the applicant will submit a responsible declaration confirming the absence of criminal records for the last five years.
These certificates must be legalised & sworn translation into Spanish is also required. This certificate cannot be older than 6 months, unless the certificate itself specifies a longer validity.
- Proof of residence in consular district for UK citizens.
- Proof of the representative's identity and capacity. If the visa application is submitted through a representative, a copy of the ID card or passport of the representative and a copy of the power of attorney or official document accrediting representation must be submitted. The originals must be shown at the time of the application. Foreign documents must be legalized or apostilled and, where applicable, must be submitted together with an official translation into Spanish.
- Payment of the visa fee. Visa fee payment is compulsory and has to be made at the same time when submitting a visa application. The fee has to be paid in local currency and it is subject to regular changes due to currency fluctuations. Please check the list of Consular fees.
- Original and a copy of the certificate accrediting the public or private health insurance contracted with an insurance entity authorized to operate in Spain. The insurance policy must cover all the risks insured by Spain's public health system.
- 9) Certification of working for at least 3 months (before the visa application) for a foreign Company. To this end, the applicant will submit a certificate, issued by the company and declaring:
If the applicant is an employee: Length of the contract and explicit consent to work remotely in Spain.
If the applicant is self-employed: Length of the contract, and the terms and conditions to work remotely in Spain
- Certificate issued by the Government Companies House, declaring the date of creation of the company (or companies) and its nature of business.
- Which Social Security system are you registered with?
IF APPLICANTS ARE REGISTERED WITH THE BRITISH NATIONAL SOCIAL SECURITY:
S1 form and proof of having registered it with the Spanish National Social Security.
Responsible declaration by the company (if the applicant is an employee) or the applicant (if he/she is self-employed), stating their commitment to comply with the British social security system obligations before starting any work-related activity.
A1 form issued by HMRC must be included.
IF APPLICANTS ARE REGISTERED WITH THE SPANISH NATIONAL SOCIAL SECURITY:
If the applicant (or UK Company) decides to register with the Spanish Social Security System, he/she must provide with:
A certificate proving the company and employee's registration. If the applicant is self-employed, he/she must provide a certificate of registration with RETA (Régimen de Trabajadores Autónomos de la Seguridad Social española).
Responsible declaration by the company (if the applicant is an employee) or the applicant (if he/she is self-employed), stating their commitment to comply with the Spanish social security obligations before starting any work-related activity. If the applicant is still registered with the British social security system this must be explicitly confirmed in the responsible declaration.
- Documentary proof of financial means.
Financial means must be at least 200% of the monthly Spanish national minimum wage (approximately £2140 per month or £25700 per year).*
In the case of family members:
For the first family member they must prove additional financial means of at least 75% of the Spanish minimum wage (approximately £800 per month or £9600 per year)*
For each additional applicant, 25% of the Spanish national minimum wage is required (approximately £270 per month or £3200 per year).*
- Copy of the University degree or professional certificate confirming that the applicant has at least 3 years of experience in his/her business activity. Employment history issued by the UK government is accepted.
Documents that are not original Spanish issued, must be legalized or apostilled and, when necessary, must be submitted together with an official translation into Spanish.
As part of our visa service, we organise quotes for translating all required documents for your DNV application.
How Long Can I Work in Spain With a Digital Nomad Visa?
If you apply for this visa in your home country, the validity will be one year from the entrance date. Then you can extend your stay to a maximum of five years by applying for a residence permit for three years, and you are allowed to renew it for two more years. Finally, after spending five years in Spain, you can apply for permanent residence.
NOTE: If you apply for the Spanish Digital Nomad Visa in Spain, it is valid initially for three years!
Tax Considerations for Digital Nomads in Spain
Understanding the tax implications of living and working in Spain as a digital nomad is crucial.
Tax Residency: Duration of Stay. Regardless of whether you work for a foreign company or not, if you spend more than 183 days in Spain, you are considered a tax resident.
Tax Advantages for Digital Nomads: Digital nomads who live and work in Spain can benefit from tax advantages. During the first four years of their stay, remote workers can pay a reduced tax rate of 15%, compared to the usual rate of 24%. This lower rate applies if their annual income remains below €600,000.
Double Taxation Treaties: Spain has double taxation treaties in place with 90 countries. This means that if you are already paying taxes on your foreign income in your home country, you will not be subject to double taxation in Spain.
We want to ensure that you make the most informed decisions regarding your tax obligations as a digital nomad in Spain. If you have further questions or need personalized guidance, it is essential to consult with an experienced tax expert.
Pros & Cons Digital Nomad Visa:
- Remote Work Flexibility: The Digital Nomad Visa allows you to live and work in Spain while conducting remote work or freelancing, offering flexibility and freedom in choosing your work environment.
- If you apply for the digital nomad visa directly from Spain, rather than in your home country, you obtain a 3-year permit (renewable for 2 more).
- This is a fast-track application vias, visas are often approved within just 20 working days.
- You are allowed to work for a Spanish company or client as long as the income from that company does not surpass more than 20% of your total income.
- Reduced Tax Rate: Digital nomads who live and work in Spain can benefit from tax advantages. During the first four years of their stay, remote workers can pay a reduced tax rate of 15%, compared to the usual rate of 24%. This lower rate applies if their annual income remains below €600,000.
- Limited Duration: The visa, if applied for in your home country, only allows you to stay in Spain for up to one year, with the possibility of renewal. If you plan to stay longer-term, you may need to explore other visa options.
- Proof of Income Requirement: You need to demonstrate a stable source of income from remote work or freelancing, which may be challenging for those with irregular or uncertain income streams.
- This visa is still very new and the goalposts are constantly moving. Ensure you keep up to date with changes, before submitting your application.
More articles on the Digital Nomad Visa Spain:
The Spain Digital Nomad Visa offers an exciting opportunity for foreigners who wish to reside in Spain while working remotely for a company located outside of Spain. Whether you’re employed or self-employed, this visa allows you to enjoy the vibrant Spanish lifestyle while pursuing your professional goals.
In this guide, we’ll walk you through the application process for the Spain Digital Nomad Visa, providing clear and concise instructions.
Both visas cater to different requirements, with the Non-lucrative Visa targeting those who do not intend to work in Spain, and the Digital Nomad Visa intended for those who will earn an income remotely.
When comparing and contrasting these visa options, you should consider your employment situations, financial capabilities, and long-term intentions to make the best choice for your own specific needs.
There has been so much 'noise' online about Spain’s Digital Nomad Visa that, here at Move to Malaga, we decided to avoid all the speculation, let the dust settle, and provide you with the facts that are now finally appearing.
Below, you will find an essential Digital Nomad Visa checklist, provided by the Spanish Consulate in London.
If you are completing your own visa application in the UK, ensure you have all the required documents mentioned in the checklist.